European Quartet One Melody

The second largest city in the Czech Republic, and historical capital of Moravia, already has several noteworthy things to recommend it at first glance. You will hear the bells ringing out noon from the Church of St. Peter and Paul at eleven o’clock in the morning. This is not because the bell ringers’ watches are fast, but because of a legend. Apparently, when the Swedes tried to conquer Brno during the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648), the ramparts were so sturdy that they were not able to get into the city for four months. They were already tired, so they agreed in an inn that if they did not manage to conquer Brno before the bells rang out noon on Petrov, they would leave. The industrious innkeeper ran to tell the bell ringer this and when the Swedes broke through the ramparts the next day, he rang out noon an hour early. The Swedes left and since that time, the bells have been rung to sound noon at the Church of St. Peter and Paul at eleven o’clock. Brno Castle used to stand on the site of this neo-Gothic church.
Grand Prix Czech RepublicŠpilberk Castle Vila Tugendhat
Cathedral St. Peter and PaulCathedral St. Peter and Paul

Brno can however boast another castle, which is still standing and is a dominant feature of the city. It is known as Špilberk and was founded in the 1270s by King Přemysl Otakar II.Špilberk became a feared prison over the centuries. Exhibitions and tours are held here today.
The true architectural jewel of this Moravian city is however the functionalist Villa Tugendhat, entered into the UNESCO list in 2001. It was designed by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1928 to 30, subject to a request by Greta and Fritz Tugendhat and thus it became one of the pioneering foundations of modern housing. The villa is above all unique for its connection with the garden, which is facilitated by a mechanism that completely drops the glazed walls into the floor. The architect also designed some of the furniture and fittings in the villa, using some very unusual materials – for example the onyx wall. Villa Tugendhat was not however only an architectural milestone, but also a political one. It was precisely here that the documents for division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia were signed in August 1992. This division came into force on 1. January 1993.
Brno can also boast one of the narrowest hotels in Europe, Hotel Avion, which is located in the pedestrian zone in the centre of the city. It was finished in 1928 and its front facade measures a mere seven metres. You will also find the oldest theatre building in Central Europe known as Reduta in the Moravian capital, where an eleven-year-old W. A. Mozart even gave concerts.
Points of Interest
Brno is also an important city for trade fairs. You will find the largest exhibition grounds in the Czech Republic here, comprising of an interesting collection of functionalist architecture from the twenties and thirties. As many as 50 exhibitions and trade fairs are held here every year. Fans of cars and motorcycles welcome the Brno Automotodrom where the Superbike World Championships, the Czech Grand Prix is traditionally held.
Brno is located 209km from Prague.

Czech Republic

Brno: Location

GPS latitude/longitude: 49.19247 , 16.61270


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