Jewish life in Poland
Before the second World War, more than three million Jews lived in Poland, the largest Jewish population of Europe and second largest Jewish community in the world. Today, approximately three thousand remain, mainly in Warsaw, but also in Cracow, Łódź and Wrocław.

Not one house in the Warsaw Ghetto survived the Second World War. Only a small piece remains of the ghetto walls, which were about eleven miles long. You can see a fragment of the wall at Sienna Street.

Built on hallowed ground of the Warsaw Ghetto, the Museum of the History of Polish Jewry in Warsaw, features a multimedia narrative exhibition about the vibrant Jewish community that flourished in Poland for a thousand years. It is an important and innovative centre of research, education and culture of the history of Polish Jews.

Several Jewish festivals are organized in Warsaw each year, but there is also the only Jewish theatre where Jiddisch and Polish are spoken: Teatr Żydowski im. Estery Rachel i Idy Kamińskich.

All those who want to learn more about the history of Cracow Jews, their tradition and culture should visit Kazimierz District, the Jewish section of Cracow. The streets still evoke a sense of the past. Be sure to visit the old town square, which was the centre of Jewish life. Seven synagogues can be found in Kazimierz, but only one is still in use. Stara Synagoga, the oldest synagogue in Poland, built in the early fifteenth century hosts a Jewish museum.

For many centuries Lublin was a vibrant centre of Hebrew and Yiddish culture and home to what was then the world's largest Talmudic school. The old cemetery is the oldest Jewish cemetery in Poland, which still exists. It contains tombstones dating back to the early sixteenth century. The city of Lublin has set out a Heritage Trail Of The Lublin Jews.



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