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Dobsinska ladova jaskyna cave is one of the largest ice caves in Europe. This 1,232m long and 112m deep cave is one of the largest of its kind in Europe. The length of the sightseeing trail is 515m and a tour takes 30 minutes. Except for the Alps, this is the only place in Europe with 110 thousand cubic meters of ice, in places thicker than 25m.

The cave was discovered in 1870 and opened to public a year after. It was also the first cave in the Kingdom of Hungary with electric lighting. Several important personalities, among them the Bulgarian Tsar and the King of Serbia have visited it. In 1890, a concert in honor of Charles Luis Hapsburg was held in the Grand Hall of the cave. The cave is also the lowest situated cave in the world in terms of sea level altitude, which enhances its originality. Ice survives in the cave thanks to its shape, which is similar to a sack. As the cave is situated lower than its entrance, the cold air remains at the bottom and its temperature never increases above zero.

Dobsinska ladova jaskyna cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJOchtinska aragonitova jaskyna cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJDomica cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJ
Gombasecka cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJJasovska cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJDomica cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJ
Dobsinska ladova jaskyna cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJJasovska cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJGombasecka cave / © Michal Rengevič /archív SSJ

Ochtinska aragonitova jaskyna cave is aworld rarity and unique natural phenomenon due to its abundance of aragonite filling and this rare development of underground space and was discovered in 1954. A 145m-long pit leads to the entrance of the cave at an altitude of 642m above sea level; 230 meters of its total length of 300m is now accessible to public. It is obvious that it is not a large cave, but it is all the more rare and valuable for its aragonite ornamentation. There are not many caves like it in the world. The rich and varied needle, spiral and kidney-shaped aragonite filling, similar to sea corrals creates an unusually varied mixture of images.



Caves of Slovak Karst and Aggtelek Karst – In 1995, a bilateral Slovak-Hungarian project called, ‘Caves of the Slovak and Aggtelek Karst’ was successful in its endeavor to be included among the most precious world natural phenomena. Slovak Karst situated in the south of Slovakia on the frontier with Hungary is the largest karst area in middle Europe at 440 km². It consists of 1,110 caves, chasms and other karst creations. The accessible caves are Domica, Jasovska, Gombasecka and Krasnohorska cave.

Domica cave is also called the “Pride of the Region Gamer". As a special experience the Domica cave offers to its visitors an attractive boat trip on its underground river, the Styx. Its entrance is 339m above sea level. Two sightseeing routes are available for visitors; the longer one being 1,180m in length, and which takes up to 60 minutes to complete, and the shorter one at 780m long, takes 45 minutes. The interesting thing about this cave is that it is home to about 1,500 bats, representing 16 different species.

 

Slovakia

Dobsinska ladova jaskyna cave, Ochtinska aragonitova jaskyna cave and Caves of Slovak Karst and Aggtelek Karst: Location

Slovakia GPS latitude/longitude: 48.82088 , 20.35800

 

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