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The Jewish monuments in Třebíč are so precious that other than Jerusalem, they are the only ones to be entered in the UNESCO monument list, separately. Třebíč was once one of the important centres of Jewish culture in Moravia and the uniquely preserved Jewish Quarter provides a silent testimony to the peaceful cohabitation of Jews and Christians here.
Třebíč  / © Jaroslav MarešTřebíč - Synagogue  / © Ing. Lubomír ČechTřebíč - Basilica of St. Procopius  / © Mgr. Pavel Dosoudil
Třebíč - Jewish quarter  / © Ing. Lubomír ČechTřebíč - Basilica of St. ProcopiusTřebíč - Basilica of St. Procopius  / © Mgr. Pavel Dosoudil


It was precisely the uncommon history of the Jews in Třebíč that was one of the reasons for its entry in the UNESCO list. Although Jews have lived in Třebíč for a very long time, we could not talk of a true ghetto until 1725 when it was formerly established by law. But even at that time, Třebíč did not succumb to anti-Semitic moods, and the Christians living within the area of the Jewish Quarter “merely” exchanged houses with the Jews living outside the gates of the new ghetto. Nowadays you will find more than 120 residential houses here, alongside a Jewish Town Hall, school, rabbinate and workhouse. In the Rear Synagogue, you can view an exhibition about the history of the Jewish Quarter. However the Front Synagogue is now used as a chapel for the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. The original Jewish cemetery was moved in the 17th century to the nearby Hrádek Hill, where around 3,000 stone gravestones can be seen, the oldest of which dates back as far as 1631. The cemetery also includes a ceremonial hall dating back to 1903 with uniquely preserved interior where funeral services are still performed according to old Jewish traditions.

The UNESCO monument zone in Třebíč also includes the Basilica of St. Procopius. Its crypt is especially valuable with the original coffered ceiling which is more than 700 years old. The current appearance of the interior of the basilica was created by the famous Czech architect, Kamil Hilbert, in 1924-1935.
Points of Interest
During the five-day Shamayim festival, you can hear Chassidic songs and cheerful klezmer. The aroma of kosher food and wine wafts through the lanes of the ghetto and bustle and cheer is everywhere. Exhibitions are held here and many theatre companies as well as musical and dance groups also visit.
 
Entry into the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List: 2003
 
More information: http://www.trebic.cz/
 

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Třebíč: Jewish Quarter and Basilica of St. Procopius: Location

GPS latitude/longitude: 49.21042 , 15.88073

 

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