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This town has been called the treasury and jewel of the county since the Middle Ages thanks to its deposits of silver. Nowadays, we could say the same about the monuments in the town, which are included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. These include the historical centre of the town, the Gothic Cathedral of St. Barbara and also the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Sedlec.
Kutná Hora - Cathedral of St. Barbora  / © Lubomír StiburekKutná Hora - Cathedral of St. Barbora  / © Ladislav RennerKutná Hora - Cathedral of St. Barbora - interior   / © Dagmar Veselková
Gothic festival in Kutná HoraOssuary in Sedlec, Kutná Hora  / © Ing. Lubomír ČechKutná Hora - the Stone Fountain

The dominant feature of the town, the Cathedral of St. Barbara, was designed by the Czech builder Matyáš Rejsek, who also built the Powder Gate in Prague. After his death, the building was finished by Benedikt Rejt, who had participated in construction of Prague Castle. By the way, the Cathedral of St. Barbara in Kutná Hora is reminiscent of the type of building as seen in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle. A point of interest about the Cathedral of St. Barbara is the frescoes on which, apart from religious motifs and scenes, we can also find scenes depicting the mining and minting of coins. This is no surprise as the whole cathedral was consecrated to the patron saint of miners, Barbara. This was housed in the Italian Court where the Prague Groschen began to be minted in the 14th century under the leadership of Italian experts from Florence. The ruler himself used to live in this originally Gothic complex with later Baroque and Art nouveau modifications, during his visits to Kutná Hora.

But Kutná Hora can boast another cathedral – the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Sedlec. This Gothic cathedral was the first cathedral in the Czech lands until completion of St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle. Baroque renovations were performed by Jan Blažej Santini Aichl, although in the style of Baroquifying Gothic, which allowed the original appearance of the cathedral to shine through. The cathedral is part of the former Sedlec monastery.
 
Points of Interest
However, the history of Kutná Hora was also a macabre one. You can convince yourself of this in the cemetery chapel of the former Sedlec monastery. The Charnel House is made up of the remains of up to 40,000 people. All types of shapes made from bones can be seen here – from candelabras to goblets. Fans of creative art are also catered for in Kutná Hora. GASK, the Central Bohemian Gallery has been housed here since May 2010 in the renovated premises of the Jesuit College. The basis of the collection in GASK is a collection of Czech modern art from the 1930s to 1960s. You will however also find a unique record of Czech book painting here, a miniature, which comes from the workshop of an illuminator from Kutná Hora dating back to the 15th century and which depicts mining and processing of silver.
 
Entry into the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List: 1995
 
More information: www.kutnahora.cz
 
 

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Kutná Hora: Location

GPS latitude/longitude: 49.95033 , 15.26653

 

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