European Quartet One Melody

 
Moravia with Cyril and Methodius

Velehrad
This small town in the southeast of Moravia is the most important place of pilgrimage in the Czech Republic. It is said that in the 9th and 10th centuries it was the capital of the once important Slavic state of Great Moravia. It is probably the burial site of one of the missionaries – Archbishop Methodius. In 1985, Pope John Paul II gave the basilica in Velehrad a “Golden Rose” – a precious gift which can be boasted only by Lourdes in France, Guadalupe in Mexico, and Czestochowa in Poland.

Svatý Hostýn
The Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary (a Basilica minor, completed in 1748), a shrine with a statue of the Virgin Mary, has made Hostýn the most visited pilgrimage site in Moravia. Noteworthy is its water chapel, with a spring of miraculous water, and an artistically valuable Stations of the Cross, designed by the renowned Art Nouveau architect Dušan Jurkovič. Hostýn is connected to Velehrad via a pilgrimage route, along which you can visit other religious monuments in the region.
VelehradVelehradSvatý Hostýn
RipSt. Vitus cathedral


Early Christianity in Prague

Prague Castle
One of the largest castle complexes in the world, it was the seat of Bohemian kings, Roman emperors, and today houses the Office of the Czech President. A UNESCO World Heritage site, it is dominated by the Cathedral of Sts. Vitus, Wenceslas and Adalbert, the patrons of the Czech lands. Founded as a rotunda in the mid 10th century, a cathedral began to be built on the site in 1344, during the reign of Emperor Charles IV, and it was completed in 1929. Also worth visiting is the St. George Monastery with the nearby Church of All Saints. In the Chapel of the Holy Rood in the second courtyard is an exhibition of the St. Vitus Cathedral Treasury.

Břevnov Monastery
This is the oldest monastery in the Czech Republic, founded in 993 by Prince Boleslav II ogether with the second bishop of Prague, Adalbert. From the old Romanesque church building, remains of the crypt beneath the Church of St. Margaret are preserved. Gothic modifications to the monastery and the local church disappeared during the Baroque reconstruction by Kryštof and Kilián Dientzenhofer in the early 18th century. In recent years, the whole complex has been undergoing restoration, including the gardens. Taste the Břevnovský Benedict beer from the monastery brewery. Its history dates to the 13th century. You will find the brewery in the former Baroque stables.

Říp
Říp Mountain is the symbol of Czech national history. At its apex is probably the most famous Romanesque monument in the Czech lands, the Rotunda of St. Georgie. Říp is associated with the legend of the arrival of the Czechs¨ancestors in the country. I tis said that every Czech should climg this mountain at lest once in their life.
 

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