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Nitra is referred to as the oldest urban formation in Slovakia. It was the seat of the Nitra Principality as early as the 9th century. The dominant feature of the town is the Castle of Nitra. It was built in the 11th century on the site of a large Slav fort and consists of several parts.
Castle of Nitra / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist BoardCastle of Nitra / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist BoardNitra - library / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist Board
Nitra / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist BoardNitra - Calvary / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist BoardCastle of Nitra / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist Board
Nitra / © Ladislav Struhár │Source: Slovak Tourist BoardNitra - Saints Cyril and Methodius / © Bedrich Schraiber │Source: Slovak Tourist Board
 
At the core of the castle is the cathedral with the adjacent Bishop’s residence. The oldest surviving part of the cathedral is the Romanesque church of St Emeram which dates from the 11th or 12th century. Today it forms, together with the Upper and Lower Churches, the most valuable structure in the castle.

The originally Gothic Bishops Palace, which stands by these sacral buildings, obtained its late Baroque appearance in the second half of the 18thcentury. Its outer fortifications, of which the oldest parts date from the Romanesque period, are especially interesting. The legendary Vazil Tower has been rebuilt several times and was renovated in the Romantic style in the second half of the 19th century.
 
The Upper Town was founded below the Castle and became part of its Gothic fortifications. Its present Baroque-Classicist appearance consists of the Great Seminar, Franciscan monastery and the County House. Visitors to this part of the town will certainly stop at the Empire House of Bishop Kluch, at the corner of which stands the statue of Corgon, which also gave its name to the local beer.
 
 

Slovakia

Nitra : Location

Slovakia GPS latitude/longitude: 48.30656 , 18.08797

 

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