The Czech Republic is situated in the centre of Europe, and shares boundaries with Germany, Poland, the Slovak Republic & Austria.

National Tourist Office Contacts

Address:

Ceska centrala cestovniho ruchu / Czech Tourist Authority - CzechTourism,
P.O.Box 32, 120 41 Prague 2, Czech Republic

Phone: +420 221 580 111
Fax: +420 224 247 516
E-mail: czechtourism@czechtourism.cz
Web: www.czechtourism.com

 

Czech Republic – Practical Information

Area:                          78 867 km²
Location:        The Czech Republic is a land-locked country situated in Central Europe. It neighbours to the west with Germany (border length 810 km), to the north with Poland (762 km), to the east with Slovakia (252 km) and to the south with Austria (466 km). It spreads out over the territory of three historical landsBohemia, Moravia and part of Silesia.
Population:                10 293 000
Flag:                          
Language:                  The only official language of the Czech Republic is Czech, which is spoken by 96% of the population. There is no need to worry. You can make yourself understood in English, especially in larger cities, with practically no difficulties at all.
Capital:          The capital city is Prague.
Other major cities:    Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Olomouc, Karlovy Vary and Český Krumlov
Membership:             The Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union since
2004 and part of the Schengen Area since 2007.
Entrance:                   Citizens of the European Union need a passport or other valid identity document to enter the Czech Republic. The same applies for citizens of Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein, who are ensured free movement within the European Economic Area.
            Visitors from other countries need a passport which is valid for six months after their arrival date and in some cases also a visa. A list of countries with a visa obligation for entrance to the Czech Republic can be found on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (www.mzv.cz).
Currency:                  The official currency used in the Czech Republic is the Czech crown
with the international abbreviation CZK.
Notes are in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1 000, 2 000 and
5 000 crowns. Coins are in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Czech crowns. More
information about the current rate of exchange of the Czech crown
to foreign currency is available at www.cnb.cz.
Climate:                     Geographically, the Czech Republic lies in a moderate zone with four seasons of practically the same length. Winters are relatively mild (the average temperature in January is -2 °C, 28.4 °F) and summers are not excessively hot (the average temperature in July is 20 °C, 68 °F), so you can visit the Czech Republic at practically any time without having to worry about extreme weather.
Health service            Since the middle of 2004, insured parties from individual member
and insurance:           countries of the EU travelling to another member country of the EU temporarily, have been issued a European health insurance card. All healthcare providers in the EU, EEA and Switzerland must accept patients with a European health insurance card.
Time zone:                 The 24 hour system is used in the Czech Republic.
 

Telephone, electricity, internet

The international dialling code for the Czech Republic is +420 (or 00 420). If you are calling from abroad, you must use the dialling code followed by a 9 digit number.
The Czech Republic has a good Internet connection, so other than a few exceptions, you will not have any difficulties with Internet availability.
The electricity network in the Czech Republic has a voltage of 230 V.
 
Restrictions:  
The Czech Republic has adopted a law on restriction of smoking. One of the main points is a ban on smoking in public places (public transport stops – bus stops, railway stations and cultural facilities). In restaurants, the operator is obliged to ensure a non-smoking section
(either a separate room, or non-smoking hours when lunch and dinner are served).
 
Opening hours, days off, public holidays:
Shops are usually open from Monday to Friday, from 8-9 am until 6 pm.
In larger cities, shops even stay open until 8 or 9 pm. Banks are open on weekdays with usual opening hours of approx. 8 am – 5 pm, later in city centres. Withdrawal of cash from cash machines is possible 24 hours a day including weekends. Post offices are usually open from 8 am until 6 pm.
 
Festivals and public holidays:
1 January – New Year´s Day, Day of the Renewal of the Independent Czech State (1993)
March/April – Easter Monday
1 May – International Labour Day
8 May – Victory Day (1945)
5 July – Feast of St. Cyril and St. Methodius
6 July – Jan Hus Memorial Day
28 September – Czech Statehood Day
28 October – Foundation of the Independent Czechoslovak State (1918)
17 November – Day of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy
24 December – Christmas Eve
25 December – Christmas Day
26 December – Boxing Day
 
Accommodation:
Classification of accommodation facilities in the Czech Republic corresponds to the standards of European countries ranging from two to five stars. You will find a wide variety of accommodation including top-quality luxury hotel suites, comfortable guesthouses suitable for families with children or cheap hostels for students. Those who love adventure can choose from numerous campsites or even spend the night on a barge.
 
 
 
Payment:                  
Payment cards are regularly accepted in shops and restaurants in large cities. Traveller’s cheques issued by internationally acknowledged companies are mostly accepted by Czech banks without any problems. Remember that banks usually close by 5 pm and do not operate at weekends.
 
There are three basic means of currency exchange – in a branch of any large bank, in a bureau de change, or withdrawal of cash from any ATM. American Express travellers cheques can be cashed at the nearest American Express branch. Currency exchange is also available at almost all hotels.
 
Custom regulations:
Customs rules and procedures are similar to those prevailing in the majority of EU countries. Detailed information is available at: http://www.czechtourism.com/holiday/Practical-information/ENTRANCE-TO-THE-CZECH-REPUBLIC-AND-TARIFF-QUOTAS.aspx or http://www.celnisprava.cz/en/Pages/default.aspx
 

Transport, Useful phone numbers

Air:The largest and main Czech airport is Prague Airport - Ruzyně located only 18 km from the city centre. Prague airport offers direct connections to almost all main European cities as well as those overseas and meets the highest international standards. The airport annually provides its services to somewhere between 11 and 12 million passengers and is used as a regular base by more than 50 airlines connecting Prague with more than 130 destinations worldwide.
In 2011, Prague Airport won the “Most Deserving Airport” Eagle Award from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) in recognition of the airport’s substantial development and customer satisfaction with its services.
 
Trains and busses:
For travelling between cities, these are the best options, as the Czech Republic has one of the densestrail networksin Europe and also provides a system of public transportation by bus with a great density of reliable and relatively cheap connections.
Rail transportation is ensured almost exclusively by Czech Railways. Bus transportation is ensured by several private carriers. Travelling by train with Czech Railways, it is possible to make use of several discounts – discounts for passengers booking their tickets in advance, passengers with a loyalty card (a so-called customer card) or for a group of passengers.
All information about domestic transport can be found on the IDOS.cz website.
 
Moving around the city:
Large cities have carefully designed tram, bus, trolleybus or metro routes in terms of the local public mass transportation company. Prague has three metro lines that connect all parts of the city and run until midnight. Trams and busses run regularly during the night. There are different options for tickets ranging from a single-trip ticket to 1, 2, 3 or 5-day passes, which can be used across for all forms of local transport during a given period of time. The tickets must be validated (stamped) at special machines immediately on entering any public transport. Only a properly stamped ticket is valid. Timetables and more information can be found at www.dpp.cz.
 
 
Taxi: Taxi services are available all over the country for short or long distances.
 
Transport by car:
Documents required:
Driving licence (European or international), ID card (EU) or passport, vehicle documents (small certificate of roadworthiness, third party insurance and a green card).
 
Basic traffic regulations:
Vehicles must drive on the right; seatbelts must be worn when driving; lights must be switched on all year round; children (under 150 cm in height) must be strapped into a car seat and may not sit in the front passenger seat; speed limit: motorway/out of town/in town – 130/90/50 km/h; pedestrians on a crossing always have right of way; drivers must be over the age of 18; it is forbidden to hold a mobile telephone while driving, telephoning is only possible with a hands-free set; the level of alcohol permitted in the blood is zero per ml, anything above this is considered violation of the law.
 
Fees and toll:
Passenger cars must have a sticker on the windscreen to use the motorways (the so-called motorway vignette), which is proof of payment of the fee for use of motorways. The motorway vignette can be purchased at any filling station. Prices for vehicles up to 3.5t are as follows:
·      annual vignette – CZK 1,200
·      monthly vignette – CZK 350
·      10-day vignette – CZK 250
 
 
Useful telephone numbers:
The numbers of the most important institutions, which you might need, are mostly three digits. You can get through to these wherever you are at any time free of charge.
 
150      Fire Brigade
155      Medical First Aid
158      Police
156      Municipal Police
112      Emergency calls (available throughout the whole Europe, includes universal medical 
            aid, police and fire brigade)
 
 
Hungary - Culture and relaxation

This is a land with 1,100 years of history and a unique fusion of eastern and western cultures. This is a land where the River Danube flows through one of the most beautiful capitals in the world. This is a land where rejuvenating thermal springs run just below the surface. This is a land called Hungary.


Sophisticated Budapest – a city of two million people – is the perfect destination for culture, entertainment and shopping. In addition, visitors will be captivated by its delightful gastronomy, beautiful architecture, relaxing spas and diverse nightlife.


The list of attractions goes well beyond the capital. Visit enchanting cities, small towns and villages, and allow the romance of the Danube Bend to capture your imagination. The country takes pride in its ten national parks, nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites and the largest freshwater lake in Central Europe, Lake Balaton. Next to Balaton is Hévíz, which is Central Europe’s biggest thermal lake. Strewn with water lilies, it is open all year round, and is famous for its healing properties and for promoting general well-being.


If you travel south of Pannonia you’ll reach the city of Pécs, which was selected as European Capital of Culture for 2010. Here you’ll enjoy a Mediterranean atmosphere as you explore Roman-age Christian tombs and Turkish mosques.


The cultural influences of east and west can be seen in the monuments, traditions and everyday life of today’s Hungary. Remains of the Roman Empire and a few monuments from the 150-year Ottoman occupation survive, and visitors can still take a dip in a couple of original Turkish baths in Budapest. Small medieval churches and splendid basilicas, hilltop fortresses and magnificent palaces, all bear witness to an eventful history.


You can get a real flavour of Hungary past and present by tasting the culture in its galleries and museums. Furthermore, there are clues all around in the country’s architecture. A single street can take you on a journey through several centuries. Hungary contains examples from a host of architectural periods, including Roman ruins, medieval castles, Baroque palaces, Art-Nouveau mansions and cutting-edge contemporary buildings. There are the remains of ancient castles and centuries old country houses all around Hungary, and over 50 of these have been converted into elegant hotels where you can enjoy the historic charm and aristocratic luxury while making use of the facilities and comforts you’d expect from 21st-century accommodation. Hungary’s architecture, spas, gastronomy and folklore bear witness to over 1,000 years of fascinating history

Why to visit Hungary?

Hungary is one of the oldest European countries, situated in the middle of the continent in Central Europe. Hungarians speak a language and have a culture unlike any other in the region. This distinctiveness has been both a source of pride and an obstacle for more than 1,100 years.


This country:

  • boasts one of the world's most beautiful cities: Budapest, the ‘Pearl of the Danube’
  • has 2,000 year-old Roman ruins and 400 year-old Turkish monuments, which can be found  side by side
  • boasts Central Europe's largest fresh water lake – Lake Balaton – which provides a natural paradise for its visitors
  • offers hundreds of therapeutic mineral springs, which gush to the surface from the depths.


But there is something else that keeps bringing visitors back to us – the legendary Hungarian hospitality. Despite a history of varying fortunes which devastated both its people and its cultural assets and treasures, Hungary retains a valuable cultural and environmental heritage that people come from all parts of the world come to enjoy.

 
 
 
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